During World War II approximately thirty thousand Jews escaped ghettos and work camps and formed organized armed resistance groups to fight the Nazis. These groups were known as partisans.

Despite the odds, women were able to join the partisans. Their work in the partisan camps ranged from domestic duties such as cleaning cooking and nursing, to reconnaissance, weapons transport, as well as armed combat. Women made up approximately 10% of the partisans.

Explore the resources of JPEF to learn more.

Take our free E-Learning Course on
Women in the Partisans.

Meet some of these women from Greece, Italy, Poland, and Lithuania through short biographies with videos and photos:

Gertrude Boyarski
Marisa Diena
Sara Fortis
Vitka Kempner
Rae Kushner
Sonia Orbuch
Brenda Senders
Mira Shelub
Eta Wrobel
Dora Otulski
Faye Schulman
Study Guides
Four to six page downloadable guides with maps, photos, questions for students, and suggested readings:
Jewish Women in the Partisans
Sonia Orbuch: A Young Woman with Russian Partisans
Gertrude Boyarski: From Frail Girl to Partisan Fighter