Benjamin Levin

Jewish partisan Benjamin Levin

Benjamin Levin at at JPEF Tribute Dinner in 2011


When Germany invaded Vilna in July 1941, the Lithuanian police systematically combed through Jewish neighborhoods, grabbing young men from their homes, executing them, and tossing their corpses into the massive graves of Ponary. The Levin family residence proved disappointing to the collaborators as Chaim Levin and his sons, Benjamin, a plucky fourteen-year-old with a "wild streak," and his older brother Shmuel, a serious young man with an intense personality, were not at home when the bombs fell.

Approximate area of partisan activity for Benjamin Levin

Benjamin Levin spent the pre-war days running around the streets with a youth gang. Because he knew the neighborhoods well, he managed to avoid the marauding invaders in the first weeks of the occupation. His older brother and father had already fled the city for the nearby village of Mihailishuk.

The well-connected family had been tipped off by friends, allowing the remaining members to flee the village before the Vilna Ghetto was erected. Their network of associates saved them more than once from subsequent deportations and executions, even after they returned to Vilna, during a period of relative calm.

Shmuel was involved with various political youth organizations and strongly advocated for armed resistance against the Germans. He even used the family's savings to purchase guns for the cause. Fed up with indecisiveness among the ranks, he eventually left Vilna to join the partisans.

As the pogroms and the violence continued in the autumn of 1943, Chaim again decided that it was not safe for his family to remain in Vilna. With his encouragement, Benjamin fled the ghetto with a group of other young Jews and went into the woods to join his brother. Unfortunately, his brother was killed during a mission just a day before Benjamin's arrival. Sadly, his parents did not survive to see Vilna liberated either. While hiding in a forest house, they were killed by a greedy janitor.

Benjamin and his group joined a brigade of partisan fighters that included Jews, Russians, Poles, and Lithuanians under the leadership of Batya, an old forester whose expert knowledge kept the city boys alive in the swamps. Eventually, other survivors from the ghetto's liquidation, such as the remaining members of the FPO (United Partisan Organization), joined them. Under the Kremlin's complicated hierarchy for managing resistance campaigns, the group was eventually incorporated into other partisan brigades. Benjamin's youth and aversion to politics kept him safe from purges and factional strife within the ranks, which cost others their lives. Although he was young, Benjamin's knowledge of the forests and his expertise with the customs of the local peasants made him a valuable asset during food raids and on missions to destroy bridges and gather essential supplies such as ammunition.

Benjamin survived to see Vilna liberated and after many hardships, including imprisonment by the NKVD, he migrated to Israel, where he married and had two children. Benjamin passed away April 13, 2020.